艾格尼斯的玩偶世界

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艾格尼斯的娃娃和生活的點滴
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小KING中毒記

話說到上星期日我在家敷自製面膜,小KING突然飛入洗手間突襲,吃了一口開始......

星期日我們慣常會帶他落公園玩,出門時小KING忽然變得很靜,有點呆。

到公園做運動半小時,小KING反常地沒叫沒興奮,我們開始懷疑他不舒服,回家途中隻衰仔開始嘔。(生平第一次見雀仔嘔係搖著頭,嘔吐物隨著軸心向出橫飛,我們都中了...)

回家後小KING依然沒精打彩,我讓他休息和喝他最喜愛的熱水水,他急不及待喝了多口,數秒後全嘔吐出來,我不知怎好,便對著他說:「如果你不舒服就要讓媽媽知道,要帶你去看醫生。」之後再餵他吃葵花籽,他竟然咬開了外殼就連種子掉了。於是我知道他要看醫生,便立即約急症。

到寵物醫院,醫生助手詳細了解事件後,我們大概猜出小KING病情與這個面膜有關,醫生回應化妝品/護膚品中有很多成份會令鸚鵡中毒,也因小KING嚴重脫水(152g-->142g)必須留院,先做維持生命的治療後再進行做一連串治療。

入院第二天,收到醫院的好消息,說小KING反應轉好,在第三天可以出院。第三天出院前再會醫生,他說小KING已穩定,如出院後不適就再入院,因為小KING很想回家也有點精神,我就決定帶他出院。

回家後小KING很興奮,周圍玩和尖叫但時間維持不太久,因為他不算很精神,我們讓他早點睡(9:00PM),第日晨早,小KING又開始變得呆滯,雙翼微垂,瞌睡又不願動,於是我猜毒應該未解,再反查出院賬單竟然沒有明確治毒的藥名(其實我不知道藥名,只知項目名稱似乎是一般性治療)

於是我決定當天請病假(反正自己也要看醫師),用了一個上早查一查那個面膜與鸚鵡中毒有什麼關係...

我嘗天的面膜成份是:英國粉紅土(爐甘石粉)+海藻粉+花水+蜜糖

在GOOGLE得知

爐甘石Calamine is a mixture of zinc oxide (ZnO) with about 0.5% ferric oxide (Fe2O3).
再查ZINC PARROT TOXINS 

得知爐甘石Calamine 鋅令鸚鵡中毒.

並找到下面網頁~

parrot toxins
http://translate.google.com.hk/translate?hl=zh-TW&langpair=en%7Czh-TW&u=http://www.carepetsah.com/media/646/toxins-in-pet-birds.pdf

鹦鹉保育——矿物质_鸟类网
http://niaolei.org.cn/posts/697

鋅鋅中毒
http://translate.google.com.hk/translate?hl=zh-TW&langpair=en%7Czh-TW&u=http://www.birdsnways.com/wisdom/ww14eiii.htm

重金屬結合劑
http://www.greencross.org.tw/toxin/heavy-metal/chelate.htm

重金屬中毒訊息分享 - 知識分享 - 新聞訊息  寵物鳥世界
http://www.petbird.com.tw/modules/news/article.php?storyid=16

之後我打電話到醫院告訴醫生小KING的病情及查詢之前用了什麼治療,他告訴我是用了活性炭,因此便便是黑色的...及藥物應該吸了一些毒,但我覺得療效未效,於是決定讓醫生再醫!

看到小KING辛苦的樣子,我告訴他要入院醫好個病,小KING竟然自己行左入個出街膠籠度瞌睡,用身體語言話比我知佢要入醫院。

當天因為找到發病原因,我張資料告訴小KING主診醫生,醫生好快決定讓小KING進行5天療程,我再問醫生小KING中毒情況嚴重嗎?他告訴我如果中毒很嚴重的話,應該活不到這一刻,這讓我放下心頭大石,安心讓小KING再入院。

這次療效非常明顯,小KING第二天已經好精神!


事件讓我學會...

1. 細心思考一切令鸚鵡發病的可能性。我不是第一次用這個面膜,沒想到當中成份能令小KING中毒

2. 提供準確詳細的資料讓醫生清楚其病情,才能讓醫生有準確判斷,使用合適的藥物

3. 留意出院賬單用藥,可GOOGLE一下讓自己對病有更多了解

GOOGLE完我才知道,鋁箔和施華洛世奇水晶都會令鸚鵡中毒(鉛毒),我還常常讓他咬到這些東西@o@

小KING現在平安在家,希望我的故事讓大家有所警惕......請別駡我^^

phones. 手機。 These crystals do not release lead into the blood stream so blood lead tests are 這些晶體不釋放鉛進入血液流,使血液中的鉛測試
negative. 負。 Only radiographs can find these very characteristically shaped crystals. 只有X光片可以找到這些非常典型的形晶體。 Birds 鳥類
can die very quickly from internal hemorrhage. 從內部出血可以很快死去。 Surgical intervention, once the crystals 手術干預,一旦晶體
are identified, is the bird's only chance for survival. 被確定,是鳥類的生存的唯一機會。
ZINC
Zinc toxicosis is thought to be more commonly seen in bird medicine than previously. 鋅中毒被認為是較為普遍比以前看到在野生鳥類中醫藥。 It
is often under-diagnosed due to the variable clinical presentations. 往往是診斷因變量的臨床表現。 Signs of zinc 鋅的跡象
toxicosis vary depending on the quantity ingested, concentration of zinc in the ingested 中毒變化取決於攝入量,鋅濃度在攝入
material, and the species of bird. 材料,鳥種。 Signs have been reported as regurgitation, lameness, 跡象已經報導不全,跛行,
mental aberrations, marked depression and sudden death. 心理畸變,明顯的抑鬱症和猝死。 History of ingestion varies 攝取的歷史變化
from a few days to chronic low-grade exposure over years. 從幾天到慢性多年來低檔曝光。 Often the owner is not aware 通常情況下,雇主不知道
that his bird is nibbling on an item that may contain zinc. 他的鳥是嗑上一個項目,可能含有鋅。 Cockatoos are especially deft 鸚鵡是特別麻利
at chipping off metal objects and ingesting them. 切削金屬物體,攝取他們。 A little prevention could save your 一點點預防可以挽救你
bird/s life. 鳥/ s的生命。 CARE-PETS ANIMAL HOSPITAL recommends replacing all galvanized CARE -寵物動物醫院建議更換所有鍍鋅
cage hardware with stainless steel. 不銹鋼籠硬件。 Common sources of zinc are: 常見的鋅來源有:
 Paint primers of powder-coated cages especially cages produced before 1995. 塗料底漆,粉末塗層網箱,特別是1995年以前生產的籠子裡。
 Bronze coating on metals 青銅金屬塗層
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 Hardware used in decorating (nails, clasps, chains) 在裝修中使用的硬件(釘,扣,鏈)
 Galvanized products (the brighter the metal the higher the zinc level) 鍍鋅產品(明亮的金屬鋅水平越高)
 Anodized aluminum --- or ANY anodized surface 陽極氧化鋁---或任何表面陽極氧化處理
 Costume jewelry and sequins 服裝珠寶和亮片
 ALL portions of metal zippers (zipper keys are often ingested whole) 所有部分的金屬拉鍊(拉鍊鍵經常攝入整個)
 Many hardware products --- washers, bolts, screws, etc. 許多硬件產品---墊圈,螺栓,螺絲等。
 US pennies produced after 1982 and Canadian pennies after 1996 1996年後,美國的生產後,1982年,加拿大便士便士
 Many topical dermatologic creams (sun block, Desitin, calamine lotion) 許多外用皮膚病藥膏(太陽擋,Desitin,爐甘石洗劑)
 Some artificially colored food pellets (CARE-PETS ANIMAL HOSPITAL 一些人工著色的食物顆粒(護理寵物的動物醫院
recommends feeding non-colored or natural colored products.) 建議餵食非彩色或天然彩棉產品)。
 Many rubber products 許多橡膠製品
OTHER HEAVY METALS 其他重金屬
Various other metals are also toxic to birds. 其他各種金屬也有毒鳥類。
 TIN: Found in aluminum foil, gum wrappers, and cans. 錫:鋁箔紙,口香糖包裝紙,罐中發現。 There is no antidote. 有沒有解藥。
Death can occur in less than 72 hours without surgical removal. 死亡可以發生在不到72小時,無手術切除。
 COPPER: Found in some toys, old pennies (dated earlier than 1982), furniture 銅:在一些玩具,家具舊便士(月同期比1982年),
and home electric cords. 和家用電動線。 Signs are similar to those of zinc toxicosis. 類似鋅中毒跡象。
 IRON: Found in rusted steel products. 鐵:發現生鏽的鋼鐵產品。 Signs often are those of nervous system 標誌往往是神經系統的
impairment or blindness. 障礙或失明。 Blood testing for heavy metal is negative. 重金屬的血液測試是否定的。
Signs of illness are variable but most often are those of neurological or gastrointestinal 患病的跡象是可變的,但最常見的是那些神經或胃腸
origin. 起源。 Many times feather picking is a presenting complaint as well. 很多時候的羽毛採摘是A以及提出申訴。 Radiographs are X光片是
very important in the diagnosis of any heavy metal toxicosis. 在任何重金屬中毒的診斷非常重要。 Even if a metal can be 即使是一個金屬
found on a blood test, it is often of critical importance not to have to wait for those results 驗血發現,這是至關重要的,往往不會有等待這些結果
to be available. 是可用的。 That's why radiographs (x-rays) are so important. 這就是為什麼X光片(X射線)是如此重要。 However, radiographs 然而,X光片
will not be able to differentiate one heavy metal from another except in the case of 除的情況下將無法區分從另一個重金屬
Swarovski crystals. 施華洛世奇水晶。 That's where history of exposure is important. 這就是接觸史是很重要的。 One must be very 必須非常
careful what a bird has access to in your house. 小心什麼鳥都有訪問在你的房子。 Birds should never be left unattended to 鳥類絕不應該無人看管
roam freely. 自由漫遊。
FUMES/VAPORS 煙霧/蒸氣
We've mentioned the extremely efficient respiratory system that birds have which makes 我們已經提到的極為有效的呼吸系統鳥這使得
them highly sensitive to airborne products. 他們高度敏感,空氣產品。 Many individuals have heard about miners 許多人聽說過礦工
taking a canary (known as the “sentinel bird”) into coal mines. 考慮到煤礦的金絲雀(稱為“前哨鳥”)。 The canary would expire 金絲雀將到期
in the presence of toxic gases before the miners would notice any odor thus warning the 在有毒氣體的存在之前,礦工會發現任何異味,因此警告
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miners of impending danger in time to escape the mine. 即將到來的危險及時逃離礦井的礦工。 Today's birds are in danger from 今天的鳥類處於危險之中
many household cleaners as well as kitchen and bathroom fumes. 許多家用清潔劑,以及廚房和衛生間的煙霧。
KITCHEN: Non-stick cookware, when heated above 530°F, emits an invisible, odorless 廚房:不粘鍋,加熱超過530華氏度時,會發出一種無形的,無臭
vapor. 蒸汽。 The irritating vapors accumulate in the lungs causing fluid production and 刺激性物質,造成產液量和積聚在肺部
subsequent anoxia (lack of oxygen). 隨後 缺氧 (氧氣不足)。 Birds seem to be highly sensitive to this toxin鳥類似乎是高度敏感,這種毒素
compared to other animals or humans. 相比其他動物或人類。 Often the only sign of problems is sudden death 往往問題的唯一標誌是猝死
which can occur in as little as 1-5 minutes after exposure. 它可以發生在低至1-5分鐘後曝光。 To be on the safe side, do not 為了安全起見,不
keep your bird in the kitchen and be acutely aware of which product contains a non-stick 保持你的鳥,在廚房裡,敏銳地意識到產品,其中包含了不粘
surface. 表面。
BATHROOM: Some curling irons contain non-stick coatings and are capable of 浴室:有些燙髮包含不粘塗料,並有能力
emitting toxic vapors. 排放有毒氣體。 Fumes from hair spray, colognes, and perfumes can be deadly. 從頭髮噴霧,古龍水和香水的煙霧可能是致命的。
Rubbing alcohol and products containing it should never be in a bird's area where it may 外用酒精和含有它的產品不應該是在鳥的面積,它可能
be ingested. 被吞食。 (Birds are curious creatures and they “learn” about their environment with (鳥類是好奇的動物,他們“學習”的環境
their beaks.) 他們的嘴。)
HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS: Cleaners containing phenol derivatives (Lysol, Pine- 日用化工:含有酚衍生物的清潔劑(來蘇爾,松
Sol) emit extremely toxic fumes. 溶膠)排放劇毒煙霧。 Fumes from bleach (chlorine gas) and ammonia are 漂白粉(氯氣)和氨煙霧
toxic. 有毒的。 Fumes from “curing/breathing” wood (new construction) and new carpets are a 從“固化/呼吸”木(新建築)和新地毯的煙霧是
danger. 危險。 Paint fumes as well as fragrances in candles, air fresheners, plug-in air 插件空氣中的蠟燭,空氣清新劑,油漆煙霧,以及作為香水
fresheners, and even hand lotion have caused serious health problems and even death. 空氣清新劑,甚至洗手液已造成嚴重的健康問題,甚至死亡。
The rule of thumb “When in doubt, DON'T” applies here. 拇指規則“有疑問時,不”適用於這裡。 Always err on the side of 總是錯上側
caution and protect your bird from these fumes. 謹慎和保護你的鳥,從這些煙霧。 Some household projects may involve 一些家庭項目可能涉及
removing the bird from the house and ventilating the house thoroughly before bringing 從鳥的房子,通風的房子前,將徹底
him or her back in. Yes, extra time, trouble, and work --- but it may make the difference 他或她回到英寸是的,額外的時間,麻煩,工作---但它可能使
between a live bird and a dead one. 之間的活禽和一個死一個。
PLANTS 植物
Many people use plants for enrichment. 許多人用濃縮廠。 Some SAFE plants, if dried, include eucalyptus, 如果乾燥,一些安全的植物,包括桉樹,
pine, oak, Manzanita, and fir. 松木,橡木,Manzanita,杉木。 Plants TOXIC to birds include Japanese Yew, oleander, 鳥類有毒的植物,包括日 ​​本紅豆杉,夾竹桃,
poinsettia, dumb cane, redwood, Bird of Paradise, mistletoe, nightshade, ground-cherry, 一品紅,啞甘蔗,紅木,天堂鳥,槲寄生,茄科,地面櫻花,
and pits/seeds of apples, apricots, peaches, and cherries. 坑/蘋果,杏,桃,櫻桃種子。
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This is, by no means, an all-inclusive list of “good” and “bad” plants. 這,絕非一個“好”包容各方的清單和“壞”的植物。 Remember the 記住
Rule of Thumb “ When in doubt, DON'T.” Keep house plants away from your bird and 經驗法則“, 如果有疑問,不知道。”遠離你的鳥保持室內植物
you will not need to worry about toxicity. 你將不必擔心毒性。
SIMPLE SUGARS 簡單的糖
Foods like sweet rolls, Danish, candy, glazed products, and even oversized portions of 甜麵包,丹麥,糖果,琉璃瓦產品,甚至超大份的食物,像
sweet fruits or fruit cocktail have caused acute toxicity or death in some patients. 甜的水果或水果雞尾酒引起的急性毒性,在一些病人或死亡。 The
cause stems from the simple sugars causing a fermenting process in the lower bowel. 原因是源於簡單的糖,導致在較低的腸道發酵過程。
This changes the bowel environment from an aerobic (with oxygen) to an anaerobic 這改變腸道環境的厭氧好氧(氧氣)
(without oxygen) one. (沒有氧氣)之一。 A bacterium already existing in the bowels proliferates in the 腸子已經存在的細菌,遍布在
anaerobic conditions and creates a toxin that can cause acute illness, shock and even 厭氧條件下產生一種毒素,可引起急性疾病,休克,甚至
death if proper antibiotic and fluid therapy is not instituted very quickly. 死亡,如果適當的抗生素及補液治療不提起速度非常快。 Unfortunately, 不幸的是,
birds seem to have an affinity for these sweet foods so BE EXTREMELY CAUTIOUS. 鳥似乎有親和力,這些甜食,所以要非常謹慎。
ACIDIC FOODS 酸性食物
There have been reports of acute illness in birds following ingestion of acidic foods such 已經有急性疾病的報告,在鳥類等酸性食物攝入
as tomatoes, citrus fruit, raspberries, tart apples, and pineapple. 如西紅柿,柑橘類水果,樹莓,蘋果餡餅,和菠蘿。 Again small birds seem 再小的鳥類似乎
to be more susceptible as this appears to be a dose related problem. 更容易,因為這似乎是一個劑量相關的問題。 Acidic foods lower 低酸性食品
the pH in the crop and slow or stop the crop's normal function as a passageway to the 在作物的pH值和減緩或停止作為一個通道作物的正常功能
lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract. 下消化道(GI)道。 This leads to the absorption of “normal” toxic food by- 這導致“正常”的有毒食品的吸收
products, causing dehydration, depression, regurgitation, shock, and sometimes death. 產品,造成脫水,抑鬱症,不全,休克,甚至死亡。
CHEESE 奶酪
Some birds LOVE it. 有些鳥類喜歡它。 However, the facts are: 1) Birds are lactose intolerant. 然而,事實是:1)鳥類有乳糖不耐症。 This is 這是
agreed upon by the entire veterinary community. 整個獸醫界商定。 2) Most cheese is made with various 2)大多數奶酪製成各種
gums that give it shape and texture and is non-digestible. 牙齦,給它的形狀和紋理,並是不易消化。 3) Signs of problems can go un- 3)問題的跡象,可以去聯合國
noticed because of the relatively small amount of cheese that is consumed. 注意到,因為消耗的相對少量的奶酪。 However, not 然而,並非
knowing a problem exists does not necessarily mean that it isn't there. 知道問題的存在並不一定意味著它不存在。 There is much 有多大
debate within AND without of the veterinary community about the damaging influence of 辯論的範圍內,沒有獸醫社會的破壞性影響
cheese in the avian diet. 奶酪飲食禽流。 CARE-PETS ANIMAL HOSPITAL recommends caution in CARE -寵物動物醫院建議慎用
this area and to remember the Rule of Thumb “When in doubt, DON'T.” 這方面要記住的經驗法則 “有疑問時,不知道。”
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IN CONCLUSION 在總結
Our pet birds are still very much wild creatures. 我們的寵物鳥仍然是非常多的野生動物。 As such they are past masters of hiding 這樣,他們的過去隱藏的主人
signs of illness. 疾病的跡象。 This is because, in the wild, if you are a prey animal and show signs of 這是因為在野外,如果你是一個捕食動物和表演的跡象
weakness/illness, you're the first to be culled from the flock. 弱點/疾病,你首先必須從宰殺的羊群。 It's important to monitor 這一點很重要監察
behavior, appetite, and droppings very closely and act upon any suspicious changes 非常密切的行為,食慾,糞便和採取行動的任何可疑的變化
quickly. 很快。 If you KNOW your bird has ingested any of the heavy metal products listed 如果你知道你的鳥攝入任何重金屬產品上市
above, don't wait to get help. 以上,不要等到得到幫助。 Exercise good judgment in offering food treats to your 行使食物款待提供給你良好的判斷力
bird. 鳥。 Birds are curious creatures and cannot discern what may be harmful to them. 鳥類是好奇的動物,不能辨別什麼可能對他們有害。 Our 我們的
modern homes offer protection from many of the dangers birds face in the wild. 現代家庭提供保護,許多鳥類在野外面臨的危險。
However, there are a whole host of other dangers to which they can be exposed. 然而,也有其他危險,他們可以接觸整個主機。 It's up 它是由
to us to be the discerning individuals who help them stay safe and healthy so they can 我們要幫助他們保持安全和健康的挑剔個人,使他們能
continue to give us many years of companionship and love. 繼續給我們多年的友誼和愛。



 


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